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To ensure the new network supports fast data exchange and delivers a solid, reliable connection, a comprehensive and reliable infrastructure is paramount to supporting the developments of 5G. Pilot tests, research and investments in 5G capabilities are already underway. Companies are actively working towards weaving together an integrated network system that will improve life even in the most remote part of the world. Developments in multi-antenna systems, chipset design and larger spectrum utilisation will help further the advancement 5G capabilities.

Multi-antenna systems, such as the Massive Multiple Input, Multiple Output (MIMO) technology are being developed in order to resolve the challenge of slow, congested radio frequencies. Currently, the industry uses between two and four antennas on the base station. With Massive MIMO, this could be potentially increased to anywhere from 64 to hundreds of antennas, to make use of spectrums higher than 6GHz. This technology increases mobile bandwidth significantly so as to accommodate higher data rates with better reliability, all while consuming lesser energy.

To develop larger spectrum space, there is technology available that helps utilise the mmWave spectrum, enabling wide-bandwidth signals to be transmitted and received at an unprecedented 2GHz, covering the spectrum in E-band, 71-76 GHz. 5G's backwards compatibility with LTE/LTE-A will also allow for an increased capability to support connected developments.

Realising the connected world vision

Ensuring that 5G driven infrastructure meet the specific needs of wireless developments, there needs to be greater industry collaboration between leading researchers, telcos, end-users and technology providers. These partnerships will provide a holistic view to researchers as they explore and test various complex technologies to create the robust ecosystem that is 5G networks of the future.

Close to every decade, a new evolution of network system deployed allows users to have a more integrated and immersive experience than before. 5G will acquire significant gains for the community as it accommodates more users at higher data rates with better reliability, thus bringing the vision of a highly-connected world closer to reality.

As VP of Sales and Marketing for APAC at National Instruments, Chandran Nair leads those operations in China, Taiwan, Japan, Korea, ASEAN and ANZ. Since joining NI in 1997, Chandran has held different leadership positions in the United States and Asia, including managing director of ASEAN. Chandran holds a bachelor’s degree in physics, mathematics and chemistry from Bangalore University and a master’s degree in mathematics from the Arizona State University.