Microsoft is collaborating with Qualcomm to create a version of the Windows 10 operating system that will run on mobile computing devices—laptops, primarily—powered by the Snapdragon processors.

Aside from having integrated cellular connections, Qualcomm chips are designed to work on limited battery life. Bringing Windows 10 to notebooks and tablets that run on these processors will result in devices that can go days without needing to be plugged in and are always connected, the companies said.

The first batch of PCs running Windows 10 based Snapdragon processors will be available "as soon as next year," Microsoft said in a blog post.

"With compatibility with the Windows 10 ecosystem, the Qualcomm Snapdragon platform is expected to support mobility to cloud computing and redefine how people will use their compute devices," said Cristiano Amon, executive vice president, Qualcomm Technologies, Inc., and president, QCT.

Microsoft and Qualcomm's collaboration, if successful, may become Intel's first major challenge. This isn’t the first time that Qualcomm has tried to bring Windows to computers running on chip technology that are not from Intel. However, the company's past attempt ended in huge losses on unsold inventory.

This time, Windows 10 powered by Snapdragon processors will offer the same apps and features as Windows 10 on tablets, notebooks, laptops, and PCs. Devices will run Universal Windows Platform (UWP) and Win32 apps through emulation.

"This is a commitment to bring mobility into Windows," Amon told Bloomberg in an interview.