A non-ferrous layer may be copper or aluminium as neither of these materials can be attracted by a magnet, but when incorporated into a multi-layer st...
Adding a parallel shunt resistor across the PIN diode can may offer some diode control benefit. Here's an example of how this is achieved.
I present an inexpensive alternative for MIL-STD-704A simulation that imitates DC plus transients combinations.
Here's a SPICE model where each NPN stage is biased by its three resistors in such a way that none of the stages can saturate no matter how high the t...
The goal of the cheat sheet is to assist with the use of capacitive sensors to detect the presence or absence of materials in a production environment...
In anticipation of such a part failure, one may include a shunt resistance from the slider connection to a safe and predictable voltage.
What are the chances of getting a really long service life if a battery is delivering only a very small current?
Schematic symbol preferences are like musical preferences; they are very personal. It is part of your style as an engineer.
It's important for other engineers to be able to read your schematic at a glance.
The NPN 2N2222 and the PNP 2N2907 can deliver low saturation voltages in their inverted mode on-states where "low" means on the order of microvolts.